Every time an artist of any stripe is accused of abuse, crime or immorality, the question is re-asked: should we separate an artist’s accomplishments from his person? From Bill Cosby to Roman Polanski, the problem of enjoying the art produced by someone whose acts you abhor keeps rearing its head.
Here are three reasons why we should separate an artist’s character from his art and three reasons why we shouldn’t.
Art Lives Separately From The Artist That Created It.
We would be giving up on a considerable amount of great art
If we start to investigate the private lives of every artist, there’d be much less artwork left. It’s as much a part of human nature to sin and cause suffering as it is to love and express creativity. After all, Richard Wagner was an anti-Semite, the painter Caravaggio was allegedly a murderer and Charles Dickens took a teenage lover. Most recently, Bill Cosby, whose contribution to television and the positive portrayal of African American families is immeasurable, has been accused of sexual assault by multiple women. Should his contribution to the bettering of society be ignored due to these allegations? We have to separate the artist from their art because if we don’t, we’ll be missing some great art.
Rejecting art leads to censorship
You might feel moral and high-minded for rejecting the movies of Roman Polanski, but throwing out art because we disapprove of the artist is the thin end of the wedge. To reject the artwork for any reason other than its artistic merit resonates of censorship. Given that different people have different sensitivities, once you permit any censorship you don’t know where it will end. Besides, the standards of moral decency change over the centuries. What was once acceptable can become unbearable, and vice versa. (12 American presidents were slave-owners). Holding art to the standards of a fictional ‘common decency’ is too simplistic.
Art stands alone
There is no need to argue that art should be separated from the artist’s character because it stands on its own. Many people enjoy listening to the music of Kanye West even though they find his opinions distasteful, or appreciate movies starring Mel Gibson despite their disgust for his anti-Semitism. Music and movies are not affected by the personal opinions or even the actions of their creators. If you go to a museum and you are moved by a painting by Picasso, does it become less moving if you know it was painted by a man who was abusive to his wives? Even Martin Luther King’s known adultery didn’t undermine the power and pathos of his oratory. Perhaps we need artists to live the tortured lives of self-destruction which produce great art, but in that case we have no right to disown them when they manifest the darkness that so fascinates us.
Why Immoral People Don’t Deserve Fame For Their Art.
It’s unethical to the victims
Celebrating the art of someone accused (or guilty) of abuse of any sort sends the message of caring more for the artist than for their victim. This is especially true when both artist and victim are still alive. Woody Allen’s daughter Dylan, who claims that Allen molested her, recently wrote an open letter expressing her pain that Allen was honored by people who know what he did to her. Paying to watch a movie, enter an exhibition or download a song inevitably means giving artists money and recognition that they don’t deserve.
Art is too personal to be separated from the artist
Art is a deeply personal, emotional experience for both the artist and the consumer. An artist creates art out of his or her deepest feelings. It’s impossible to separate their artwork from their life because the artwork is shaped and molded by their experiences and actions, by what they value and what they reject. Without knowing the artist’s personal life, we miss out on an entire level of understanding of their art and symbolic references. For example, without knowing the real history of the Marquis de Sade, all his stories are just adolescent fantasies. An artist and his art are inextricably linked, a connection that artists profit from, therefore it stands to reason that when an artist devalues norms of society, their art loss its value as well.
It glorifies their illegal actions
Ignoring the artist’s wrongdoing gives them, and other artists, legitimacy to continue their unethical and illegal actions. On a smaller scale, we might glorify a Rock ‘n’ Roll lifestyle that teens will emulate as a result, but this debate doesn’t stop at trashing hotel rooms. As long as rapists and murderers are still being lauded for their work, and artists keep getting the recognition they want, then we, as a society, will be paving the path for others to do the same. If we stop consuming art by abusers, perhaps other artists will think twice before doing something illegal.
So should art be enjoyed as a separate entity from the artist or are an artist and his art indistinguishably linked? Next time you learn of a scandal that tarnishes a beloved artist’s legacy, will it change their art in your eyes?