In 2013, no players were admitted to the National Baseball Hall of Fame, for the second time in 42 years. This was not a coincidence; it was a statement by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWA) in protest of the prevalent role steroids were playing in baseball. From the Association’s point of view, users of performance-enhancing drugs (PED), including some of Major League Baseball’s biggest stars of the “Steroids Era” (the 1990s and 2000s), should be left out of the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
However, less than a five years later, the Association made an about-face in its judgment when it voted in a few players who were rumored to have used steroids during their careers (including Ivan Rodriguez and Jeff Bagwell). This shift once again sparked the heated debate about whether players who allegedly use PED should be admitted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, N.Y.
Here are three reasons why players who take performance-enhancing drugs should be included in the Hall of Fame and three reasons why they shouldn’t be included.
3 reasons why they should be included:
Steroids are not a critical advantage in baseball
Baseball is different from other common “steroid sports” in that steroids don’t give a baseball player an incredible advantage. The key factors that determine a baseball player’s ability and performance have nothing to do with steroids. In contrast, a batter`s ability to identify the pitch and its rotation, or a pitcher`s ability to throw a curve-ball through the strike zone have everything to do with skill and science.
The National Baseball Hall of Fame is the museum of baseball history, and PED use is part of the history
If you ever visit the National Baseball Hall of Fame to learn about the game’s greatest players, you’ll find a number of players featured there who used steroids. Take legends Barry Bonds, Sammy Sosa and Mark McGwire. The Hall of Fame honors baseball’s best players, PED use or not. Therefore, you’ll learn about everyone before, during and after the “Steroids Era,” because it`s all part of Major League Baseball`s history, which is the point of the museum, after all.
The mythical status of athletes is long gone. Lance Armstrong, Tiger Woods, and Michael Vick are just a few examples of professional athletes who are no longer seen as being role models for youngsters. Today, we know much more about our sports heroes’ lives, for better and for worse. This insight has contributed to the erosion of their status as heroes.
As athletes` statuses change, our attitudes toward them do as well. This has led to a growing public understanding and acceptance of athletes who use PED. Thus, our criteria for including baseball players in the National Baseball Hall of Fame has softened over the years, allowing for the inclusion of PED users.
3 reasons why they should NOT be included
Accountability is the moral way to go
One of the most common claims by those who think steroid users should be voted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame is that people who use the morality argument to justify not admitting them are self-righteous. “We are not the morality police,” supporters might say. “We’re not talking about murderers and rapists, just the baseball Hall of Fame,” they may add. However, being recognized as top professionals in any field is an honor, which deserves respect. The Baseball Hall of Fame is a beautiful tradition that deserves to stay clean. This means leaving players who used PED out of it. After all, the players who used steroids chose not to play the game fairly. Nobody is asking to put them to jail, just not to honor them as a hall of famer.
“Everyone was doing it” is not a good enough reason
To justify professional baseball players’ use of PED by saying that “everyone else was doing it” should not stand as a legitimate argument. Professional athletes are not teenagers; peer pressure is not a legitimate reason for going against the rules of Major League Baseball.
It’s hard to believe that those professional baseball players who used steroids didn’t feel like they were doing something wrong. Sure, it may be understandable that these players were under a lot of pressure and felt they had to take PED to maintain a certain level of play in order to keep their stats high and take care of their families. That’s fine, but also saying “I’m supposed to be in the Hall of Fame” despite knowing they cheated is wrong and distasteful.
Consider all of the other clean players
There are so many clean professional baseball players who have never used PED. These clean players were forced to compete against players who had an illegal advantage over them, and they consequently may have lost opportunities to earn more money and advance in their career and status. The least we can do is reward these clean players by not admitting the PED users into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Doing so is like spitting in the faces of the upstanding players.
The Bottom Line: This debate really raises questions of values and norms. Given it is the Baseball Hall of Fame, it also becomes a question of legacy. What do you think?